The Yerevan Pavilion This pavilion was constructed in 1636 to commemorate Sultan Murad IV’s victory at the city of Yerevan in modern-day Armenia. The pavilion’s architect is believed to have been Koca Kasım Ağa, the Chief Architect of the time. Within the octagonal pavilion is a copper fireplace plated with gold while the pavilion’s vaulted dome and hall are richly decorated with hand-drawn patterns in gold leaf. The window shutters and cabinet doors are wooden with mother-of-pearl inlay. The outer façade of the pavilion features Mamluk-style marble panels reaching up to the upper windows while the part above the windows is decorated in patterned ceramic tiles.
The Yerevan Pavilion was used to store the sultan’s ceremonial turbans as well as being the space where the Holy Relics were cleaned in the month of Ramadan. The pavilion also once held handwritten manuscripts which were kept in the library established here when Sultan Mahmud I (r. 173054) put together a collection of precious books for the dignitaries of the Privy Room. This library was later expanded by Sultans Osman III (r. 1754-57) and Mustafa III (r. 1757-74). The manuscripts are currently kept in the Topkapı Palace Museum Library.